When you have periodontal disease, bone loss causes your gum tissue to become unsupported, creating pockets and gingival recession. As pockets become deeper, due to further bone loss, bacteria and decay can destroy the tooth structure. Once the disease passes a certain point, the area can’t be properly cleaned through regular home care or traditional root planing and scaling.
Osseous surgery removes the infected gum tissue and diseased bone, making the area easier to maintain and stops the periodontal disease from getting worse.
Usually, the whole affected area is treated at one time, so there is minimal chance of reinfection. During the surgery, the pockets are reduced by removing the diseased tissue and lowering the gum to the level of the healthy bone.