Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is one of the first methods of treatment for periodontal disease. It is non-surgical and requires little to no recovery time. If the disease is caught early it is a successful way to manage the progression of periodontal disease.
Root planing takes more than one appointment and involves numbing the area with local anesthetic. Plaque and tartar are removed from the area with special instruments. The root surfaces are smoothed to inhibit bacterial regrowth.
Once the irritating plaque and tartar are removed, the response is almost immediate. Gums are less inflamed and return to their stippled texture and light pink color, and the tissue tightens up around the necks of the teeth. Periodontal pocket depths reduce as this happens, which in turn slows bacterial regrowth.
Most patients do not require any further active treatment. However, you will be placed on a shorter hygiene schedule, called periodontal maintenance, every three or four months to maintain your condition and prevent the disease from spreading.